Smart Cities

Smart cities increase the quality of life of people with physical, digital and human systems compatible with the environment; offering a modern, competitive, functional and sustainable future; They are cities supported by advanced vital technologies.

While the emergence of cities dates back to ancient times, especially in the 18th century, the urbanization process accelerated with the industrial revolution. With the increase in population growth rate towards today, it has led to an increase in various problems in areas such as planning, management, security, transportation and regulation. As a result of this, the future planning of cities and the necessity of smart solutions have emerged and therefore the necessity of increasing the quality of life of people has arisen. As a result of all these developments, the concept of smart city has emerged.

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What Is a City?

The city is a dynamic concept that has been defined in different ways in every period of history as a result of its historical background and the influence of many different disciplines.

While the concept of “medina” in Arabic is the equivalent of the concept of city, the concept of “polis” in Greek is the equivalent of the concept of city. The word city, which has different meanings in various languages, is defined by the Turkish Language Association as “a settlement, city, site, most of the population dealing with trade, industry, service or administration, and generally without agricultural activities.”

Şehir Nedir? Reference: Şahin, Y. (2018). Kentleşme Politikası (7. Baskı.). Bursa: Ekin Kitapevi.

What Is Urbanization?

The concept of urbanization expresses a process. The definition of urbanization made by the Turkish Language Association is: “The process of gathering the population in cities and expanding urban areas, especially as a result of the development of industry.”

Another definition for urbanization is “the population accumulation process that results in the increase in the number of cities and the growth of today’s cities in parallel with industrialization and economic development, creating an increasing degree of organization, division of labor and specialization in the social structure, and leading to urban-specific changes in human behavior and relations.”

Şehirleşme Reference: Keleş, R. (2017). Kentleşme Politikası (16. Baskı.). Ankara: İmge Kitapevi.

Smart City Features

Rapid population growth, emerging environmental problems and indiscriminate consumption of natural resources in smart city studies have brought the concept of sustainability to the fore.

Ensuring the continuity of change, meeting the needs of people better than today’s cities, and carrying out studies that will not prevent the needs of future generations are an important feature of sustainable smart cities (Dal and Özdemir, 2020). With these features, sustainable smart cities should not be thought of only as places where technology is applied and used intensively.

Akıllı Şehirler Planlaması

In addition to these, in order for a city to be qualified as a smart city, it must have the following features;

  • • Sufficient amount of water and energy,
  • • Effective solid waste management system,
  • • A sustainable informatics and communication infrastructure,
  • • An effective public transport and the mobile system of this public transport,
  • • E-municipal services suitable for the era,
  • • A successful, planned and programmed environmental management system,
  • • Age-appropriate crisis and emergency response system, etc. includes parameters such as

What Are Smart City Components?

Supported by the European Union and having an important place in the field of smart cities, Dr. According to Boyd Cohen’s Smart Cities Wheel (SCW), smart cities consist of 6 components.

  • Akıllı Şehir Projeleri

    Smart Transportation

    The smart transportation component includes mixed transportation, clean transportation and integrated systems.

  • Akıllı Şehir Bileşenleri

    Smart Living

    The smart living component includes culture, safety and health.

  • Akıllı Şehir Yönetimi

    Smart Governance

    The intelligent governance component includes open data, infrastructure and web services.

  • Akıllı Şehir Planlaması

    Smart Environment

    The smart environment component includes urban planning, resource management and smart building.

  • Akıllı Şehir Yazılımı

    Smart Economy

    The smart economy component includes opportunities, productivity, and connections.

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    Smart People

    The smart people component includes creativity, inclusive society and education.

How is Smart City Planning Made?

With the advancement of digitalization and innovation, countries around the world are actively seeking solutions to support economic, technological and social development.

Today, one of the most important problems faced by governments, with data being more easily accessible, is “how can the social and environmental problems of citizens be improved without interfering with their personal privacy?” With this in mind, governments started to implement “Smart City” policies by utilizing information technology infrastructure and combining innovative ideas in urban planning. The idea is to achieve long-term sustainable development by integrating data and technology into the fabric of society to make everyday life easier and better for the people who live and work in the city, while maximizing the use of resources. It is aimed to build digital cities by looking at cities from different perspectives and developing them technologically.

Urban planning, management and operations are essential for long-term development. Considering that the development of modern cities is fed by digitalization, both the application of the latest digital and smart technologies and the development structure of a city should be taken into account in the city planning process.

Coordination, communication, consolidation and integration are perspectives that enhance smart cities that connect infrastructures and services so that cities can function more effectively. This requires new database formats, data analysis methods, new software to connect individual components in urban areas and integrate sectors, and new forms of organization and management to be used most effectively and fairly.

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New Data Systems and Integration

Information gathering for smart cities is a complex stage. In this process, it is necessary to create a new holistic system for integrated data collection, querying and storage. Data collection from multiple sources, including participatory sensing and services for online communities, management of data flows, data preparation and transformations, integration of heterogeneous data into a coherent database, data mining and network administrations, management of models and methods with mining, method and All analytical processes that make up information services, such as tools developed to assess the quality of models, must be established and make sense for smart city systems.

Management in Smart Cities

Local governments are making more and more progress in increasing services focused on the quality of life of citizens and providing hardware, software and data solutions that make cities smart.

Use of Intelligent Systems in Cities

The aim of smart cities is to increase the brand value of the city and increase the quality of life by improving living standards. Today, there are thousands of smart city studies that have been implemented or are under preparation. While some of these cities are trying to transform the existing established order into a smart one, some of them are newly established as smart cities.

The cities of Masdar-United Arab Emirates, Songdo-South Korea, Lavasa-India and Lusail-Qatar can be given as examples of cities built from scratch as smart cities. The example of the city of Barcelona-Spain will be discussed on the use of smart systems in cities. Although the city of Barcelona is a self-sufficient city today, the smart city adventure started in 1980 with the laying of fiber lines between municipalities. With the Olympics held in the following years, the deficiencies in their infrastructure systems were observed and renewed. This has enabled the city to become a brand in the field of tourism. In order to realize information management in cities, it has taken great steps in the field of smart cities with applications such as e-municipality, automation registration system, city area networks, fiber optic cabling, air pollution measurement systems, thematic database, historical digital cultural servers, city route address data system. Thanks to these developments, it became Spain’s first smart city in 2012.

One of the biggest examples of smart city in the city of Barcelona is the 22@ Smart Central Park Area. In order to revitalize this place, which was an old industrial site, it has been very successful in developing the region by hosting university students and researchers, volunteers who undertake the protection against climate change and carbon footprint of the city, municipal employees, technology companies, all individuals with an investor and entrepreneurial spirit.

Smart City Projects

Başarsoft smart city projects are listed below:

Smart City Products/Solutions

Başarsoft smart city products/solutions are listed below:









Smart Technologies in the Cities of the Future

A smart city is a city that uses technology to increase efficiency and improve service quality and quality of life for citizens. Smart city initiatives can encompass everything from power distribution, transportation systems, streetlights and even garbage collection. The population in urban areas is increasing day by day. This means that cities face environmental, social and economic challenges. By making cities smarter, some of these challenges can be overcome. Thus, cities can be made easier and safer places to live.

The traffic problem in cities is one of the biggest problems of a city. But technology offers some promising solutions. By using smart traffic light systems, the traffic jam problem can be solved by considering the hours that students and employees are in traffic. E.g; In Hangzhou, China, an artificial intelligence-based smart “City Brain” has helped reduce traffic congestion by 15 percent. (The Smart Cities Of The Future: 5 Ways Technology Is Transforming Our Cities, Bernard Marr, Forbes)

A more sustainable and cleaner environment can be achieved by using the resources in cities effectively. Collecting garbage at proper times, separating and recycling wastes suitable for recycling, increasing the use of smart air filters, using water and electricity resources correctly and according to needs, supporting sustainable energy by investing in clean energy resources, encouraging reduced energy consumption by integrating energy resources into smart systems. All living spaces can be monitored using technology and information systems.

Public safety can be improved by making cities more reliable, thanks to Wi-Fi connectivity, IoT (Internet of Things) technologies, and wide deployments of CCTV cameras. One of the most important elements in smart city technology is to encourage citizens to use the systems and give them feedback. The fact that they can detect local problems more easily makes it easier to improve the system and respond to potential problems quickly. The development of smart urbanism and the studies of countries on this subject are of great importance in order to transfer sustainable energies and living spaces to future generations and to ensure that societies live in prosperity.

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