A smart city is a city that uses technology to increase efficiency and improve service quality and quality of life for citizens. Smart city initiatives can encompass everything from power distribution, transportation systems, streetlights and even garbage collection. The population in urban areas is increasing day by day. This means that cities face environmental, social and economic challenges. By making cities smarter, some of these challenges can be overcome. Thus, cities can be made easier and safer places to live.
The traffic problem in cities is one of the biggest problems of a city. But technology offers some promising solutions. By using smart traffic light systems, the traffic jam problem can be solved by considering the hours that students and employees are in traffic. E.g; In Hangzhou, China, an artificial intelligence-based smart “City Brain” has helped reduce traffic congestion by 15 percent. (The Smart Cities Of The Future: 5 Ways Technology Is Transforming Our Cities, Bernard Marr, Forbes)
A more sustainable and cleaner environment can be achieved by using the resources in cities effectively. Collecting garbage at proper times, separating and recycling wastes suitable for recycling, increasing the use of smart air filters, using water and electricity resources correctly and according to needs, supporting sustainable energy by investing in clean energy resources, encouraging reduced energy consumption by integrating energy resources into smart systems. All living spaces can be monitored using technology and information systems.
Public safety can be improved by making cities more reliable, thanks to Wi-Fi connectivity, IoT (Internet of Things) technologies, and wide deployments of CCTV cameras. One of the most important elements in smart city technology is to encourage citizens to use the systems and give them feedback. The fact that they can detect local problems more easily makes it easier to improve the system and respond to potential problems quickly. The development of smart urbanism and the studies of countries on this subject are of great importance in order to transfer sustainable energies and living spaces to future generations and to ensure that societies live in prosperity.