What is Geographic Information System (GIS)?

Geographic Information System (GIS) is a decision support system that enables operations such as collecting, storing, updating, controlling, analyzing and displaying information about the earth for a specific purpose.

What is GIS? – What does it mean?

GIS is the English equivalent of Geographic Information System.

GIS History

The applications made in the field of GIS and the beginning of GIS were firstly Charles Picquet’s mapping of the cholera epidemic in the 48 districts of Paris in 1832, and then in 1854, the British Doctor John Snow created a map on the same principle to show the increasing deaths due to cholera in London, and spatially determined the epidemic. It is in the form of identifying the source and preventing the problem.

The concept of GIS was first introduced in the early 1960s and was researched and developed as a new discipline in the following years. Roger Tomlinson commissioned by the Canadian government to create a manageable inventory of natural resources.

He considered using computers to combine all of Canada’s natural resource data and created the automated computing system to store and process large volumes of data that prompted Canada’s national land use management program to begin.

GIS History

He called this system GIS. Roger Tomlinson’s work to initiate, plan and develop the Canadian Geographic Information System culminated in the first computerized GIS in 1963.

This process was followed by commercial desktop software released from the early 80s. Today, there have been great developments in web and mobile platforms in Geographic Information System and Technologies, especially depending on the developments in computer technology. CBS has become widespread in the Turkish market in the 1990s, especially with desktop GIS programs after Windows 95. After 2000, corporate GIS systems started to spread.

What are GIS Components?

Geographic Information System consist of five components that can be described as the inseparable links of the chain. GIS components; hardware, software, people, data and purpose.

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Hardware: Devices such as computers, tablets, GPS to be used for GIS operations.

Software: It is the GIS software that will process, query and analyze information.

Human: Humans make up GIS users. Geographic Information Systems have limited competence without people who manage the system and data, analyze, update and plan to use it.

Data: The most important component produced or supplied for use in GIS operations.

Purpose: These are the systematic plans made for a specific outcome in GIS operations.

What are GIS Data Types?

There are three types of data in GIS. These are vector data, raster data, and non-geographic feature data.

Vector data model; It stores objects consisting of points, lines and areas with x and y values ​​according to a certain coordinate system. It is extremely easy to locate spatial objects by finding coordinate information.

Raster data model; It is formed when images are divided into small pieces and adjacent cells are grouped together. Each cell is called a pixel. Cell size determines resolution. The smaller the cell size, the higher the map resolution will be.

Non-geographic attribute data is information that reveals the properties of any object that does not have a map.

References
Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemleri
Harita Tabanlı Bilgi Yönetimi
Prof. Dr. Vahap TECİM

GIS Data Types

Creating a GIS Database

A database is the medium in which data is stored and stored. GIS data models to be used while creating a database in GIS should be stored in a suitable structure, in a certain order, and should be efficient, quickly accessible and easily manageable. The database is an important component of Geographic Information System and gains value by using it effectively.

Database Management System (DataBase Management System)

Database Management System is a system that enables users to access, manage, report and view the database in corporate applications. With the development of technology, database management systems have also gained geographical features.

What Does GIS Do?

Geographic Information System add geographical features to the data and enable analysis that cannot be done otherwise.

What is Geographical Query?

A geographic query includes queries between graphical (location-based) data and verbal (attribute) data. Verbal information can be displayed by selecting the point, line and area objects on the map by querying over graphical data. For example, address or parcel information can be displayed spatially by querying the attribute information with operations such as address and parcel query. Queries can be made on a single layer or more detailed by associating multiple layers with each other.

Queries such as in, containing, intersecting, non-intersecting, not in, touching, staying in a certain buffer area can be given as examples.

What Do GIS Maps Mean?

GIS digital maps can be easily shaped for the purpose or analysis needed according to geographical or non-geographical data.

Different types of maps can be produced with various data layers in GIS. GIS maps are used especially for visualizing and displaying the analyzes and studies on the screen or for printing. With smart cartography, updating the data on the map, adding and removing new data can be done more easily.

  • • GIS maps are used to compare the effects of human activity on nature.
  • • It is used to predict settlements that will be damaged in natural disasters or to identify and visualize risky areas.
  • • Information such as the average income of a particular region, book sales or the number of votes can be correlated. In fact, presentations and analyzes can be made by creating thematic maps from these data. You can take a look at examples of thematic maps on our “Başarsoft’s Informative Maps” page.
  • • GIS maps can be used to show information about numbers and density. For example, it can be shown how many doctors are in a given area compared to the population.
  • • With GIS technology, the change of many events over time can be revealed. Comparative maps can be created to examine issues such as the advance or retreat of ice cover in polar regions and how this event has changed over time.
  • • Location information of the working area can be displayed with GIS maps.
  • • It is used to determine the cadastral land value, borders, ownership and characteristics in a certain region, and to keep and manage records about its legal status.

What Are the Benefits of GIS? – What Does It Do?

Geographical Information System is a tool used in every situation related to space, in explaining the spatial relations of events and in decision-making processes by reaching the result.

Geographic Information System enable better decision making, geographic record keeping, geographic management, and reduced cost of operating at high efficiency.

Usage Areas of Geographic Information System

With the development of computer technology, Geographic Information System are used for tracking, planning and analysis in many professions and business lines.

All data taken into the computer environment are associated with each other and with their geographical locations, and spatial analyzes can be made with these data. Geographic Information Systems play an important role in the analysis of spatial data, cartography, infrastructure/superstructure systems and solutions in order to develop more effective planning and management practices, to make fast and on-site decisions, and to provide better services by reducing costs.

GIS is used in all projects that contain addresses, coordinates, parcels or inventory in the public and private sectors.

In Which Fields - Where Is GIS Used?

Some of the examples within the application areas of GIS are as follows:

  • • Cartography
  • • Telecom Network Management
  • • Electricity Distribution Network Management
  • • Natural Gas Distribution Network Management
  • • Water and Sewerage Distribution Network Management
  • • Traffic Management
  • • City Planning and Management
  • • Transportation Planning
  • • Environmental Impact Analysis
  • • Agricultural and Forestry Applications
  • • Disaster Management and Prevention
  • • Management of Natural Resources
  • • Banking and Insurance Sector
  • • Cargo Industry
  • • Land Measurement and Evaluation
  • • Earth Sciences
  • • Asset Management and Maintenance
  • • Planning and Social Development
  • • Municipality
  • • Health
  • • Education
  • • Coal
  • • Industry
  • • Economy

GIS Applications

Geographic Information System is not limited to the creation of maps, but offers many more capabilities to its users with various software developed specifically for the application area. Due to its advantages, GIS is expanding rapidly by finding new application areas day by day and is used for different purposes.

Various GIS applications are created by means of related software in line with the needs and demands of public and private sector organizations. GIS software companies working in this field have become able to develop GIS applications on mobile devices as well as desktop and web applications, depending on the rapid advances in the world of technology. In particular, the increase in the use of mobile devices and the fact that they are easily portable and accessible allow the applications developed in this environment to increase and become widespread day by day. The suitability of the applications for their intended use, making healthy analyzes and being easy/flexible to use are among the main criteria for GIS applications.

What is a GIS Specialist?

Geographic Information System (GIS) Specialists are people who can perform analysis and reporting processes needed in projects by using GIS programs.

What Does a GIS Specialist Do?

Providing/producing the data needed using GIS expertise, appropriate hardware, network infrastructure, software according to the GIS project type, preparing metadata within the framework of geographic business intelligence by using the appropriate one from GIS, CIS (Computer Aided Design), UA (Remote Sensing) and database software, It provides querying, analysis, preparation for use, mapping, archiving, reporting and interpretation.

Ankara-based GIS Company Başarsoft

As a GIS company Başarsoft, since the year we were founded, we have been working on Smart Network and smart city management, infrastructure, disaster, health, education, transportation, production, sales-marketing, tourism, land management, forest, agriculture, waste collection, data etc. We offer and develop desktop, web or mobile GIS applications in various fields, produce navigation maps, collect infrastructure network inventory from the field and provide consultancy services.

GIS Application Examples

We work in the field of GIS and we produce and develop applications for private companies and institutions in this field.

Some of the GIS application examples of Başarsoft are as follows:

Transportation and Traffic

  • Rotaban: It provides route optimization with the distance matrix depending on the arrangement and planning of the routes of the personnel services and the traffic density.
  • • EGO Transportation Portal: Management of lines, routes and stops of all public transportation types used in Ankara urban transportation in GIS environment.
  • • RAYGIS: Management of Istanbul metro lines in GIS environment.
  • Başar Traffic: It can be used in projects with live and historical traffic data in line with requests.

Field Workforce Management and Navigation

  • TEAMER: Developed as a Field Workforce and Optimization Product, TEAMER is a GIS-based, field team designed for companies/institutions that manage, optimize, visualize and report projects and works carried out in the field.

Disaster Management and Security

  • AYDES: It is a system designed for the effective execution of disaster and emergency management processes.
  • 112 Emergency – Map and Address Infrastructure: It provides call management and integration by combining the numbers dialed in emergency situations into a single number (112), locating the incoming call on the map and directing it to the nearest team.

Apps for Society

  • • Görengöz: It is the world’s first visually impaired navigation.
  • • TAMBIS: Flood, breakdown and response spatial information services have been used, and GIS-based flood and response facilities, breakdown maintenance and repair management, and notification information have been transferred to digital media to facilitate their follow-up.
  • • E-Complaint: It is a customer-oriented map-based web and mobile application where requests and complaints made to the municipality are managed from a single database with the smart complaint system.
  • DepremRiskim: Earthquake damage estimation application DepremRiskim is an application that provides information about earthquake vulnerability of the buildings you are in.
  • EczanemNerede: Where is my pharmacy is a mobile application that lists the pharmacies on duty and the pharmacies closest to you in an up-to-date list and allows you to get directions.

Production and Sales-Marketing Applications

  • Konya Şeker Field Measurement System: It is the management of the lands within the Konya Şeker cultivation area.
  • • Ziraat Geobanking: It is an application where GIS-based site selection, branch opening, marketing and expertise analysis are performed.
  • Erikli Nestle Waters GIS and Route Optimization: It is the route optimization that prepares the route plans of the distribution network connected to Erikli.

Smart Infrastructure Management

  • PowernetMaestro: Electricity lines, poles, transformers etc. It is to provide smart network management from a single center with the integration of digitization, smartening, subscriber information system, outage and maintenance management.
  • GasnetMaestro: Natural gas lines, valves etc. It is to provide smart network management from a single center with the integration of digitization, smartening, subscriber information system, outage and maintenance management.
  • HydronetMaestro: Water pipes, valves etc. It is to provide smart network management from a single center with the integration of digitization, smartening, subscriber information system, outage and maintenance management.
  • TelconetMaestro: Ensuring smart network management from a single center with the integration of telephone, internet and cable TV digitization, smartening, subscriber information system, outage and maintenance management.
  • • FOYS-Fiber Optic Management System: It is the system where project and hair connection information of fiber optic lines can be followed.

Some Ministry GIS Applications

  • • 112 Emergency – Map and Address Infrastructure: In this project with the Ministry of Interior, it provides call management and integration by combining the numbers dialed in emergency situations into a single number (112), locating the incoming call on the map and routing it to the nearest team.
  • • TAMBIS: In this application made with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, flood, breakdown and response spatial (spatial) information services were used to facilitate the follow-up of GIS-based flood and response facilities, breakdown maintenance and repair management and notification information by transferring them to digital media.
  • • Within the scope of PAS: Development of a Database of Potential Afforestation Areas and a Basin Based Monitoring System Project; It is aimed to identify potential areas by developing a suitable model and method to carry out afforestation, rehabilitation, erosion and flood control, pasture improvement works.
  • • DEMIS (Dynamic Erosion Model and Monitoring System): In this project carried out with the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Turkey’s Erosion Map was created in 2011 and the project of creating Turkey Basin Database and Erosion Maps by calculating annual soil losses was carried out.
  • YEGITEK: In the Ministry of National Education Spatial Decision Support System (KKDS) project, Başarsoft, as a subcontractor, uses MapInfo technologies (MapXtreme 2004 .NET platform) to analyze the schools, investments, number of teachers and students affiliated with the ministry, to analyze the investment needs according to the current and projected population. developed a web-based software to determine
  • SUKALITE System: It includes web-based and mobile applications integrated with geographic information systems developed for the Ministry of Health, Turkish Public Health Institution. With these applications, the functions in the institution are realized, the results of the analysis are kept in a single point, and the early intervention is realized.
  • • Transportation Portal: All Turkey vector data is provided for the transportation portal for the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure.

GIS Software - Programs

The wide use of Geographic Information Systems has led to the creation and development of many GIS software.

Today, GIS software is produced and developed in desktop, web and mobile environments, which are becoming more and more widespread day by day. In particular, the fact that there is mutual data transfer allows each discipline or professional group to use GIS programs in line with their own needs.

You can get detailed information by clicking on our solutions and products below.

Infrastructure Solutions

Business Intelligence Solutions

GIS Products

Mobile Applications

Remote Sensing Solutions

Information About GIS Trainings

GIS, which is used in solving problems with spatial and non-spatial data in many different areas in the modern world, is also used effectively in management and decision-making processes.

Due to its widespread use, one of the most popular trainings today is the training on Geographic Information System. With these trainings, participants contribute significantly to their careers.

It is an important training for all people who work in the field of GIS or use GIS in all private sector, public institutions and organizations and are related to this sector.

GIS Training Services

GIS Courses (Tutorials)

As Başarsoft Academy, we organize special trainings for mixed trainings and institutions/organizations in our training hall in our Ankara/Balgat office, and at the end of our GIS trainings, we give the participants a certificate of achievement or participation.

Başarsoft Academy is the only institution authorized to provide MapInfo product family trainings in Turkey.

Within Başarsoft Academy;

  • • MapInfo Pro Basic and Advanced Training,
  • • MapInfo Pro Advanced Surface Modeling Training with Very Big Data,
  • • MapBasic Software Development Training,

Training programs are organized under the headings of

If you fill out the application forms on the I Want GIS too page to apply for training at an institution, university or individually, you will be contacted.

For more detailed information about our GIS trainings, you can send an e-mail to egitim@basarsoft.com.tr

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GIS Books

You can also improve yourself in this field through GIS books. You can learn to use the software and make step-by-step applications with the help of MapInfo Pro and MapInfo Pro Advanced training books and data prepared by Başarsoft training team.

MapInfo Pro Basic and Advanced Book

It is the book that describes the applications of MapInfo Pro software, starting from the basic level to the advanced level in a sequential manner. If you want to buy this book, you can send an e-mail to egitim@basarsoft.com.tr or you can access the PDF format and data of the book free of charge from the Installations-Educational Documents page.

MapInfo Pro Advanced Book

It is a book containing the applications of the MapInfo Pro Advanced module, which is a powerful add-on for MapInfo Pro with raster creation, visualization and analysis on raster using vector object information.

You can access the PDF format and data of the book free of charge from the Installations-Training Documents page.

The main applications in the book are as follows:

  • • Grid creation with interpolation methods
  • • Terrain modeling and contouring
  • • Slope, aspect and curvature maps
  • • Resizing cells, changing projections, cutting, merging and various calculations on raster files
  • • Visibility analysis
  • • Sectioning
  • • Volume calculation
  • • Band combinations in satellite images
  • • File exchange/exchange from different formats
  • • Export raster information to vector layers
  • • Registration analysis

GIS Training Videos

You can improve yourself with the help of training videos as well as making applications with training books.

You can access the MapInfo Pro and MapInfo Pro Advanced training videos, which cover the same topics as the training books, on the Training Videos page or on the Başarsoft YouTube channel.

Information About GIS Internships

One of the best ways to get to know the industry you are considering or planning to work in is to do an internship. In this way, you can experience whether the relevant industry is suitable for you and make more accurate decisions about your future. At the end of your internship period, the company you are in may offer you a job and you can have the opportunity to start a job in the field of GIS.

The experience and skills you gain in your profession through internship programs will put you ahead of other candidates. In addition, you can realize your shortcomings and have the opportunity to improve yourself while doing your internship.

Units where Başarsoft offers internship opportunities:

  • • Web-based Software Development
  • • Desktop Software Development
  • • Mobile Software Development
  • • GIS Data

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