Digitization is the process of delineating spatial elements present on a map using base maps, creating them as digital vectors in a digital environment.
Digitization holds a significant role within Geographic Information Systems. Its primary rationale lies in the conversion of data into an intelligent format through the digitization process. Analyses cannot be performed on tile maps, paper maps, or image-format maps. With the digitization of these maps, spatial elements are delineated, transformed into vector data format, and linked to attribute pages for various analytical or querying tasks to be conducted. This process yields intelligent data acquisition.
Among the most exemplary endeavors related to data intelligence is the Türk Telekom Geographic Information Systems (TTGIS) Project, undertaken by Başarsoft.
Following pilot studies utilizing MapInfo Pro software for data production, fiber project, it was concluded that establishing a central MapInfo-based GIS system configuration serves as the most suitable approach for the entire Turkey. The TTGIS Project, crafted for this purpose, facilitates the digitization of network inventories across Turkey, transforming inventory data into an intelligent format, enabling analyses, queries, and reports. For instance, based on the data resulting from the digitization process, one can swiftly query and generate thematic maps according to specific criteria, such as installation dates, lengths, maintenance dates, costs, internet speeds, the impact of any internet outages on settlements, and numerous other criteria.
Cartographic digitization thus assumes a pivotal role in leveraging the capabilities of GIS technology, data management, analysis, and visualization.